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Basic Ideas

  1. From Reductionism to Holism - New functionalities emerge from close interaction and heavy iteration
  2. From Complexity to Cybernetics - Dynamics is the mechanism to reach added value in a complex system
  3. From Control to Self-Organization - Without external manipulation new structures are created
  4. From Computation to Association - Rather than studying iteration processes concentrate on underlying patterns
  5. From Influencing to Perceiving - Systems are too complex to be controlled – understanding is enough
  6. From Natural to Artificial Systems - Analysis of ”dynamic differentiation” among niches in synthetic ecosystems

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